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Mazaltov.co.uk  - Other Jewish Holidays and Celebrations
In addition to major Jewish holidays such as Passover, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, etc. and personal holidays such as birthdays and anniversaries, the Jews in Israel and abroad also observe a number of other holidays some of which commemorate sad events in the Jewish history. They include:

Sabbath. According to the Jewish law, Sabbath or Saturday has a status of a holiday. It is the seventh day of each week which commemorates the creation of the Earth and Heaven. According to the Jewish belief, God created the Earth in six days and rested on the seventh. Any work on Sabbath is therefore strictly forbidden.

Sukkot. Also known as the Feast of Booths and the Feast of Tabernacles is one of the Three Pilgrimage Festivals  during which all Jews pilgrimaged to the Temple in Jerusalem. It commemorates the time the Jews spent in the desert after escaping the slavery in Egypt and celebrates the God protecting them from hardships in the desert.

Shavuot. It is also one of the Three Pilgrimage Festivals which celebrates the day God gave Torah to the Israelites at Mount Sinai. This holidays which is also known as the Feast of Weeks marks the end of the counting of the Omer, a period between Passover and Shavuot.

The Three Weeks and the Nine Days. The days between the 17th day of the Jewish month of Tammuz and the 9th day of Av commemorate the Roman occupation of Jerusalem. The Three Weeks and the Nine Days are the days of mourning. All celebrations and joyful events are typically avoided during this period.

Tisha B’Av. This fast days mourns the destruction of the First and Second Temple in Jerusalem which occurred over 650 years apart but on the same date. Also, the day commemorates other sad events that happened on the very same date including the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in the late Middle Ages. 

Yom Yerushalayim or the Jerusalem Day. It is a national holiday which celebrates the reunification of the city after Israel established control in the Old City in the 1960s. Various state ceremonies and memorial services also commemorate soldiers who fell during the fight for Jerusalem. The holiday is observed by Jewish communities worldwide.

Yom Ha’atzmaut or the Independence Day. It celebrates the Israeli declaration of independence in 1948. It is celebrated on the 5th day of the month of Iyar.

Yom HaShoah or the Holocaust Remembrance Day. This national holiday commemorates about 6 million Jews who were victims of the Holocaust during the Second World War. The Holocaust Remembrance Day is observed on the 27th day of the month Nisan. If it falls on Sabbath, it is commemorated the next day.

Yom Hazikaron or the Memorial Day. It commemorates Israeli soldiers who died for the State of Israel. The observance of the Memorial Day was enacted in 1963 but it was later extended to the civilian casualties as well.